This page contains links to important websites for each PHIN member country, including access to their Ministry of Health, Statistics Office, and Government. A number of partner organisations are also listed, with a brief description of the types of information available and a link to their website.
The population of Cook Islands decreased between 1996 and 2001 due to outmigration, but then began to increase again, with an estimated 23 300 people in 2010. Around 28.6% are below 15 years of age and about 7.9% are 65 years and above.
In 2009, overall life expectancy at birth was estimated at 72 years: 70 years for men and 73 years for women. The crude birth rate was 23.8 per 1000 population, and the crude death rate 8.1 per 1000 resident population in 2010.
Ministry of Health http://www.health.gov.ck/
Statistics Office http://www.stats.gov.ck/
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands comprises 14 islands with a total land area of 457 square kilometres spread out over 683 760 square kilometres of the Pacific Ocean. The Commonwealth’s population lives primarily on three islands. Saipan, the largest and most populated island, is 20.1 kilometres long and 8.8 kilometres wide. The other two populated islands are Tinian and Rota, and the nine far northern islands are very sparsely inhabited, with a combined population of about six people.
Since the 1980s, the number of residents has more than quadrupled. In the 2000 census, the total population numbered 69 221, with approximately 90% living in Saipan and 5% each in Tinian and Rota. The total population was estimated to be 63 072 in July 2010.
Federated States of Micronesia
The Federated States of Micronesia contains 607 volcanic islands and atolls scattered over 1 million square miles of the Pacific Ocean. The land area totals 704.6 square kilometres, with 7192 square kilometres of lagoon area.
Based on the preliminary results of the 2010 Census, the Federated States of Micronesia has a population of 102 624, 35.7% below 15 years old, and 3.3% 65 years and over. The average age of the population is estimated to be 21.5 years, and for every 100 females, there are about 103 males. There has been a decrease in the population due to substantial outmigration over the past decade. Approximately 49% of the population lives in Chuuk, 32% in Pohnpei, 11% in Yap and 8% in Kosrae, with almost 23% living in urban areas.
Legal Information System http://fsmlaw.org/
Office of Statistics, Budget and Economic Management, Overseas Development Assistance and Compact Management http://www.sboc.fm/
Republic of Fiji
Fiji has the largest population of all the South Pacific island countries, with an estimated 2010 population of 854 000: 433 000 males and 421 000 females. The average annual growth rate stands at 0.8%, the slow growth being due to a moderately low level of fertility and a high level of emigration, especially among Indo-Fijians. Fiji’s Economic Exclusive Zone contains 332 islands covering a total land area of 18 333 square kilometres in 1.3 million square kilometres of the South Pacific Ocean. The population occupies around one-third of the 332 islands and is concentrated on the two largest, Viti Levu (10 429 square kilometres) and Vanua Levu (5556 square kilometres), with the nation’s capital, Suva, located on Viti Levu. People in Fiji are living longer, with life expectancy standing at 68 years for males and 72 years for females.
Ministry of Health http://health.gov.fj
Hawaii, State of
Department of Health http://hawaii.gov/health
The Republic of Kiribati, located in the Pacific, consists of 32 low-lying atolls and one volcanic island in three main groups, the Gilbert, Phoenix and Line Islands. The country spreads over 3.5. million kilometres of ocean, but has a total land area of only 811 square kilometres.
The 2010 census counted a population of 103 466. The average population density is 128 per square kilometre, but this varies widely between islands. Between 1995 and 2000, there was significant in-migration of people from the outer islands to South Tarawa, resulting in an urban growth rate of 5.2%, compared with a national growth rate of 1.7%. In-migration plateaued during the period from 2000 to 2005, when the overall growth rate in South Tarawa fell to 1.9%. However overcrowding in South Tarawa persists, as the 2010 census (not yet officially released) revealed that around 50% of the population is now living on the capital island, putting extreme stress on the environment and infrastructure. New ‘urban’ settlements have emerged since 2000, especially in Northern Tarawa and Kiritimati Island. Between 2000-2010, North Tarawa’s growth rate was 4.8% and Kirimati Island’s 8%, compared with 2.2.% and 1.2 %, respectively, during the period from 1995 to 2000.
National Statistics Office http://www.spc.int/prism/Country/KI/Stats/
Ministry of Health and Medical Services http://www.commonwealth-of-nations.org/Kiribati
Nauru, Republic of
The population of Nauru was estimated to be 9976 in 2010, with about 35.6% below 15 years of age and around 1.3% 65 years and above.
As a result of an effective public health programme focusing on water and sanitation, there have been no recent infectious disease outbreaks, but noncommunicable diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and cancer, have become leading causes of morbidity and mortality, and obesity rates are very high. The 2007 STEPS survey reported a diabetes prevalence rate of 16.2% among the 15-64 age group. Diabetes increases in prevalence with age and was found to be 24.1% in the 35-44 age group, 37.4 % among 45-55 year-olds and 45 % in the 55-64 age group.
Bureau of Statistics http://www.naurugov.nr/pages/NBOS.html
New Caledonia is an archipelago consisting of a main island, the Grande Terre, and several smaller islands (the Belep archipelago, the Loyalty Islands, the Ile des Pins, the Chesterfield Islands and the Bellona Reefs). Noumea, located on the main island, is the capital.
According to the national census in 2009, the inhabitants of New Caledonia numbered 245 580. The population is made up of 42.5% Melanesians, 37.1% Europeans, 8.4% Wallisians, 3.8% Polynesians, 3.6% Indonesians, 1.6% Vietnamese and 3% other nationalities. In 2008, the crude birth rate was 16.2 per 1000 population, the crude death rate was 4.7 per 1000 population and the rate of natural increase was 11.5 per 1000 population. The total fertility rate was 2.2, and the infant mortality rate was 6.1 per 1000 live births. The proportion of the population under 20 years of age, estimated at 35.5%, is decreasing gradually, in contrast with the over-65 population, which is increasing and is currently estimated at 6.2% of the population.
City-dwellers were estimated to make up 57.4% of the population by 2010. Life expectancy at birth is 71.8 years for males and 80.3 years for females (2007). There is a high level of adult literacy, estimated to be 91% of the total population (male 92%, female 90%).
The population of Niue decreased from a peak of 5194 in 1966, to 2322 in 1991, 1788 in 2001 and an estimated 1496 residents in June 2010. There is substantial emigration to New Zealand because of the country’s lack of natural resources, its isolation and insufficient social and economic development, and because Niueans hold New Zealand citizenship. The 2001 New Zealand census listed 20 148 Niueans in the New Zealand population.
Population density is estimated at six persons per square kilometre, with 37% living in urban areas. Children under the age of 15 years make up 26% of the population, adults 65 years and older accounting for 12%. The crude birth rate is 20.1 per 1000 population and the crude death rate 7.8 per 1000 population.
Legal Information System http://fsmlaw.org/
Palau, Republic of
The estimated multi-ethnic population of Palau was 20 550 in 2009, with an estimated annual population growth rate of 0.99%. The population consists of 69.9% Palauans (who are a conglomeration of Micronesians with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures), 15.3% Filipinos, 4.9% Chinese, 2.4% other Asian, 1.9% Causacian, 1.4% Carolinian and 4.2% other or unspecified groups (2000 estimate). The 2006 estimate indicated a population density of 46 persons per square kilometre. In 2007, approximately 77% of the Palauan population were living in Koror City.
Since the 1990 census, life expectancy at birth has been higher for women than men; the 2005 estimate stood at 69 years, 72.1 years for women and 66.3 years for men.
Ministry of Health http://www.palau-health.net/
Office of Planning and Statistics http://www.palaugov.net/stats/
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of the most diverse countries in the world – geographically, biologically, linguistically, and culturally. Its abundant natural resources have not led yet to economic prosperity for the majority of its people. PNG‟s relative level of poverty in relation to neighbouring countries is increasing and it now ranks 145th out of 177 countries on the United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index.
PNG‟s population is estimated to be 6.5 million and is predicted to reach 9 million by 2020. Currently, 87% of PNG‟s people live in rural areas in widely scattered communities that are often not accessible by road. Health indicators are poor, with average life expectancy at 53 years, infant mortality rate at 49 per 1000 live births, and maternal mortality rate at an astounding 733 per 100,000 live births; a figure regarded by some as an underestimate.
After over 30 years of political independence and some early economic and social progress, most of the people remain poor by both regional and international standards. The poor health status is associated with poverty, but it is also widely recognized that a failure of health service delivery is a major contributor to ill-health.
Republic of the Marshall Islands
The Republic of the Marshall Islands covers an area of 181 square kilometres and comprises 29 atolls and five major islands that form two parallel groups: the Ratak (sunrise) chain and the Ralik (sunset) chain. The Marshallese are of Micronesian origin. The matrilineal culture revolves around a complex system of clans and lineages tied to land ownership. The last census took place in 1999 and the next is currently under way. Available demographic data are, therefore, either from the 1999 census or are estimates derived from it. The estimated population in 2010 was 54 440.
Ministry of Health http://www.rmiembassyus.org/Health.htm
Office of the Government http://www.rmigovernment.org/index.jsp
Samoa, Independent State of
Samoa is a Pacific island state comprising two main islands, Savaii and Upolu, plus several smaller islands. It lies about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand and has a land area of around 2842 square kilometers. Its main economic activities are tourism, fishing and agriculture. At the time of the 2006 census, the population was 180 741. It is reasonable to assume the population has grown only slightly over the past five years due to emigration. In terms of gross domestic product, Samoa is placed among lower and middle-income countries. THe Human Development Index 2011 ranks Samoa 99 out of 187 countries.
The greatest health threat to Samoa is the ongoing increase in noncommunicable diseases brought on by obesity, inactivity and diets reich in fat, salt and sugar. Diabetes mellitus has been the leading cause of death or among the leading causes of death reported by public health facilities in all years from FY 2005-2006 to FY 2009-2010. Morbidity comparisons during the same period also indicate a rapid increase in noncommunicable diseases: diabetes mellitus cases doubled from 264 to 523, and pneumonia cases almost doubled from 789 to 1506 cases.
Ministry of Health http://www.health.gov.ws/
Solomon Islands is a double-chain archipelago of more than 900 coral atolls located in the south-west Pacific Ocean about 1800 kilometres north-east of Australia. Its total land area of 30 400 square kilometres is widely scattered over 1.3 million square kilometres (exclusive economic zone) of the Pacific, with most of its smaller islands uninhabited.
The population at the latest National Census in 2009 was 515 870. The growing population and its relatively young structure dominate concerns about future development. In 2009, estimated life expectancy at birth was 67 years. An estimated 93% of the total population are Melanesians, 4% are Polynesians and 3% are from other ethnic groups. According to the 2009 Census, the population is growing at a rate of 2.3% per annum. Most live in rural areas, with only 18% living in urban areas. The median age of the population is 19.7 years old. This demographic trend is creating increasing pressure on infrastructures and jobs, as well as raising growing environmental issues.
Office of the Prime Minister and Cabinet http://www.pmc.gov.sb/
Ministry of Health http://www.commerce.gov.sb/MOH/MOHintro.htm
The Tokelau Census of Population and Dwellings in 2011 yielded a resident population of 1411. The population was relatively young, with 33% below 15 years of age and 7.7% were 65 years and above. The crude birth rate is 15 per 1000 population (2009) and the crude death rate is five per 1000 population (2009).
Tonga, Kingdom of
Tonga’s estimated population for 2010 was 103 365, giving a population density of 159 persons per square kilometre. The population, about 23.4% of whom live in urban settings, is young, with 38% in the 0-14 year-old age group. The fertility rate remains high, although it has been falling slowly, decreasing from 4.1 in 1986 to 3.7 in 2010. The population growth rate is around 0.3%, a low figure taking into consideration a crude birth rate of about 25.4 per 1000 population and the fact that child mortality rates are the lowest in the Pacific. The explanation is found in the high net emigration rate, which averaged 19.8% between 1986 and 1996. It is estimated that as many as 100 000 Tongans live overseas, most of them in Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America. The Tongan community in New Zealand alone accounts for some 50 000 people.
Department of Statistics http://www.spc.int/prism/country/to/stats/
Ministry of Health http://health.gov.to
Tuvalu comprises nine coral islands and is, by population, the smallest member of the United Nations. The population has, however, more than doubled since 1980 and was estimated to have reached approximately 11 149 in 2010. About 32.0% are in the 0-14 year age group, 62.7% in the 15-64 year age group and 5.3% are 65 years or older. The population growth rate is estimated at 0.5% (2010), and the crude birth rate at 22.9 per 1000 population. The total fertility rate was estimated at 3.2 in 2009.
Life expectancy at birth is currently 63.6 years for both sexes: 61.7 years for males and 65.1 years for females.
The Tuvaluan language is spoken by virtually everyone, while a language very similar to Gilbertese is spoken on Nui. English is also an official language, but is not spoken in daily use. Parliamentary and official functions are conducted in Tuvaluan.
The 2009 National Census of Population and Housing reported the population of Vanuatu to be 234 023, with a growth rate of 2.3% per annum. Life expectancy at birth is 69 for males and 72 for females, and 3.5% of the population is over 65 years of age.
The 2011 estimated crude birth rate was 31.1 per 1000 population and the estimated crude death rate was 5.3. The infant mortality rate was 27 per 1000 live births in 2008.
According to the last national census, the urban population accounted for 25.6% of the total population in 2010. Urban migration is increasing at an alarming rate, particularly from rural islands to Port Vila and Luganville, as people seek employment or education. Most of the population are employed in subsistence agriculture, the rest being in government departments, private companies and other employment sectors.
World Health Organisations Country Information
On this site you will find information on all WHO Member Countries, including:
- Global Health Observatory data
- Disease outbreaks and crises
- Mortality and burden of disease
- Health system coverage
- Health systems
- Risk factors
World Health Organisation Western Pacific Regions Country Health Information Profiles
This site only contains information on the 37 countries and territories in the Western Pacific Region and has information on:
- Basic statistics
- Country profile
- Country context
- Health situation and trend
- Health system
- Major information sources and databases
- Health databank
- National health plan
- Progress towards the health MDGs
- Organizational chart
Secretariat of the Pacific Community â€“ Statistics for Development
A range of information on individual countries and also the Pacific region as a collective are available from this website, including information on:
- Population and demographic indicators
- Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) reports
- Census reports
- Population profiles
- Demographic profiles
The World Banks Data
The World Bank offers a large number of indicators related to health (and non-health) topics, including:
- Health systems
- Disease prevention
- Reproductive health
- Population dynamics
United Nations Population Fund â€“ Population and Reproductive Health Profiles, Statistics and Indicators
Data sets in this website offer the latest population statistics and social, economic and health indicators by developing country and region. Each country profile is followed by more than 100 indicators on health and development including:
- Internal disparities
- Public financing for health and education
- Progress towards meeting MDGs
- Socio-economic indicators
- Maternal health
- Child health
- Adolescent reproductive health